What is an aortic aneurysm?
An aneurysm is a bulge on an inner tube when it’s overinflated. The aorta is the main and the first blood vessel on the way out of the heart.
Thus, aortic aneurysm is not less dangerous disease. It can develop at different sections of the blood vessel. This diagnosis have 50 thousand of people a year, and moreover, aortic aneurysm is found in 7 percent of the dead who died for another reason. In the later stages of the disease, patients complain of oppressive pain in a particular part of the body.
There are aneurysm of the thoracic aorta, the aortic arch aneurysm, a feature of which is that it can develop within 20 years after the injury. There is also an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, which is often asymptomatic. However, very thin patients, raising hand to the stomach, may feel a pulsation and pain. If the aneurysm is pressing roots of the spinal cord, the pain will become unbearable.
How is aortic aneurysm detected?
The aneurism can be detected by x-ray or by as echocardiography, a magnetic resonance imaging (M.R.I.) or a computed tomography (C.T.) scan.
The aneurysm may be small and causing no symptoms. The doctor has to be seen regularly to see, whether it’s growing. The pain in the area where it is located is a common symptom of aneurysm.
How is aortic aneurysm treated?
If any form of aneurysm is found, surgical intervention is required. The operation consists in removing the damaged segment of the vessel and replacing it with a plastic prosthesis or a fragment of the blood vessel from another part of the body.