What is aneurysm?
Aneurysm is a bulge of the artery walls (sometimes of a vein) or the heart in the long run of its thinning or stretching. So forms the so-called aneurysmal sac that can compress tissues disposed near. Aneurysm can be congenital. And, when a child born this defect is negligible, so the baby is developing perfectly normal. The aneurysm can also be caused by diseases, that thin the blood vessels: atherosclerosis, hypertension, syphilis (on its late stage).
The risk of this tricky disease increases with trauma or injury of the blood vessel and the formation of blood infected clots. With it one can live for years, doing whatever he / she wants, and have no symptoms. Meanwhile, the aneurysm will grow unnoticed, threatening to burst at any moment like a time bomb.
How is an aneurysm detected?
The bomb can be detected by x-ray or by as echocardiography, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or a computed tomography (CT) scan.
The aneurysm may be small and causing no symptoms. The doctor has to be seen regularly to see, whether it’s growing. The pain in the area where it is located is a common symptom of aneurysm.
How is an aneurysm treated?
If any form of aneurysm is found, surgical intervention is required. The operation consists in removing the damaged segment of the vessel and replacing it with a plastic prosthesis or a fragment of the blood vessel from another part of the body.